Campaign ribbons and service badges
The "Law of Decorations in the Israel Defense Forces" of 1970 entitles the minister of Defense to award campaign ribbons to soldiers, policemen, prison personnel and other members of the security forces, for service during war, campaign or armed conflict. Seven campaign ribbons exist, the most recently (2007) instituted is the ribbon for the Second Lebanon War Ribbon. No medals are connected to these ribbons!
 
 

War of Independence Ribbon

  War of Independence Ribbon  
 

 

Awarded to:

a) all IDF personnel on active duty during at least 4 months between 1 February 1948 and 10 March 1949.
b) all IDF personnel who were killed during the War of Independence. In this case the ribbon is presented to the family of the soldier.
c) others who took part in fights of the War of Independence. Eligibility to the ribbon will be determined for every case.
d) those who where confined to a border settlement for a continuous period of 120 days between the dates as specified in a).
e) officials dealing with immigration and arms procurement between the dates as specified in a).

In case the eligible person died, a member of his family (widow, widower, parent, brother, sister, child) may request to receive the ribbon or replacement of lost or worn ribbon.

Presentation of the ribbon started in 1951. In 1955 the ribbon was also awarded to any town, village or settlement that during the period between 1 February 1948 and 10 March 1949 was subject to enemy ground attacks or was cut off for at least a month. In this case the ribbon was connected to a standard.

 Click here for the list of towns and villages entitled to the ribbon. See also Clasps on this ribbon.
Look here for the award document.
There was a never realized proposal to add a medal to this ribbon.

 

 

Sinai Campaign Ribbon

 

Sinai Campaign Ribbon

 
 


  Awarded to:

a) all IDF personnel on continuous active duty during at least 72 hours between 26 October 1956 and 6 November 1956.
b) all IDF personnel who were killed during the Sinai Campaign
c) commanders of the civil defense, serving  as in a)
d) civilians serving at IDF and civilians volunteering as drivers of mobilized vehicles, serving as in a)

In 1958 the minister of Defense decided to extent the eligibility to personnel of police, security forces and military industry. In case the eligible person died, a member of his family (widow, widower, parent, brother, sister, child) may request to receive the ribbon or replacement of lost or worn ribbon.

Presentation of the ribbon started in 1957. Look here for a sample of an award certificate and pictures of soldiers wearing this ribbon

 

 
 

Six Day War Ribbon

  Six Day War Ribbon  
 


 

Awarded to:

a) all IDF personnel on active duty during at least 24 hours between 5 June 1967 and 11 June 1967.
b) all IDF personnel who were killed or wounded during this war or were killed between 18 May 1967  and 5 June 1967.
c) adult civilians serving at IDF between 1 April 1967 and 11 June 1967.
d) civilians volunteering as drivers of mobilized vehicles, as well as reserve soldiers who volunteered to serve in an active IDF unit.
e) civilian security personnel, including the armament industry, officials dealing with state of emergency arrangements and others who toke part in the activities, as decided by the government, who worked continuously from 15 May 1967 till 12 June 1967.

In case the eligible person died, a member of his family (widow, widower, parent, brother, sister, child) may request to receive the ribbon or replacement of lost or worn ribbon.

Presentation of the ribbon started in 1967. See pictures of the ceremony Look here for a sample of an award certificate.

 

 

War of Attrition Ribbon

  War of Attrition Ribbon  
 

 

 

Awarded to:

a) IDF personnel on active duty during at least 30 continuous days between June 11, 1967 and August 8, 1970.
b) IDF reserve soldiers who served a total of at least 30 days within the period as in a).
c) soldiers who were killed, wounded or missed in action during this war.
d) civilians, who provided direct assistance to the battle front or home front units during at least 30 continuous days in the period as in a), specifically:
- civilian personnel (not including volunteering minors) of IDF and the Ministry of Defense
- Israel Military Industries (IMI), the Armament Development Authority (Rafael)  and Israel Aircraft Industry
-personnel of the General Security Service and Mossad
- the army department store Shekem and employees and volunteers of the Committee for the Benefit of the Soldier
- employees dealing with state of emergency arrangements
- drivers of transport companies, drivers who were drafted to the army together with their trucks or who voluntarily did so.
- exempts from military service and who volunteered to active service.
d) others not belonging to the above groups and who provided direct assistance to the battle front units, during at least 30 continuous days as in a), after presenting relevant documents and approval of the Ministry of Defense.

In case the eligible person died, a member of his family (widow, widower, parent, brother, sister, child) may request to receive the ribbon or replacement of lost or worn ribbon.

Presentation of the ribbon started May 7, 2003
According to IDF publications, the number of active IDF personnel entitled to this ribbon is 93, including 8 generals. The number of soldiers who are no longer on active duty and are entitled to this ribbon is 2562. Look here for the award document.

 

 

Yom Kippur War Ribbon

 

Yom Kippur War Ribbon 

 
 


 

 

Awarded to:

a) all IDF personnel on active duty during at least 3 continuous days between 6 October 1973 and 24 October 1973.
b) all IDF personnel who served between the above dates, but less then 3 days, if this service was ended because of illness, injury or death as a result of this service or who were missed in action and have not been recovered since.
c) soldiers who, after 24 October 1973 and before the day of signature on the agreement of separation of forces (at the northern front 18 January 1974, at the southern front 31 May 1974) were injured, got ill, their illness deteriorated, were killed or missed in action during and as a result of service.
d) civilian security personnel, including the armament industry, officials dealing with state of emergency arrangements and employees of state companies who toke part in the activities, as required by law, who served at least 18 continuous days during the period defined as in a).
e) civilians, who provided direct assistance to the front units during at least 18 continuous days in the period defined as in a).
f) civilians as described in d) and e) in case where his or her work was interrupted by injury or death during and as a result of service in the period defined as in a) or after 24 October 1973 and before the day of signature on the agreement of separation of forces (at the northern front 18 January 1974, at the southern front 31 May 1974), even if no 18 continuous days of work or service were fulfilled.

In case the eligible person died, a member of his family (widow, widower, parent, brother, sister, child) may request to receive the ribbon or replacement of lost or worn ribbon.

Presentation of the ribbon started in 1974. Look here for the award document.

 

 
 

"Peace For Galilee" War Ribbon

  "Peace For Galilee" War Ribbon  
 

 

 


 

Awarded to:

a) all IDF personnel on active duty during at least 3 continuous days between 5 June 1982 and 29 September 1982.
b) any IDF soldier who served between the above dates, less then 3 days, but was missed in action and has not been recovered since, who was killed, taken prisoner of war, was injured, got ill or his illness deteriorated, during and as a result of his service.
c) soldiers who were killed in combat, was missed in action, taken prisoner in Lebanon after 29 September 1982 and as long as IDF forces are deployed in this area.
d) personnel serving in Lebanon after 29 September 1982 and the Chief of Staff or head of Personnel department or there representatives decide that there exist special grounds for awarding the ribbon.
e) civilian security personnel, including the armament industry, officials dealing with state of emergency arrangements, Magen David Adom first aid workers and employees of state companies who toke part in the activities, as required by law, who served at least 21 continuous days during the period defined as in a).
f) civilians, who provided direct assistance to the front units during at least 21 continuous days in the period defined as in a).
g) civilians as described in d) and e) in case where his or her work was interrupted by injury or death during and as a result of service, even if no 21 continuous days of work or service were fulfilled.

In case the eligible person died, a member of his family (widow, widower, parent, brother, sister, child) may request to receive the ribbon or replacement of lost or worn ribbon.

Presentation of the ribbon started in 1983. Look here for the award document.

 

Second Lebanon War Ribbon

Second Lebanon War Ribbon

Awarded to:
a) every soldier who was on active duty during at least 3 continuous days, between 12 July and 14 August 2006, as well as to citizens as specified hereafter.

b) any IDF soldier who served between the above dates, less then 3 days, but was missed in action and has not been recovered since, who was killed, taken prisoner of war, was injured, got ill or his illness deteriorated, during and as a result of his service.

c) civilian security personnel like the police and prison service who served or worked voluntary for at least 3 continuous days during the period defined as in a)

d) civilians, who provided assistance during at least 8 continuous days to the front units or the civilian population, in one of the following bodies:

- government offices except the Ministry of Defense
- state companies and daughter companies
- fire brigades
- Magen David Adom first aid association
- local authorities and companies controlled by local authorities
- Chesed shel Emet - body recovery association
- Hospitals
- Security officers in specified places
- Aguda lema'an haHail
- other legal bodies
- national organizations like the World Zionist Organization, the Jewish Agency for Israel, the Jewish National Fund and their affiliated organizations.

In case the eligible person died, a member of his family (widow, widower, parent, brother, sister, child) may request to receive the ribbon or replacement of lost or worn ribbon.

Presentation of the ribbon started on September 2, when the ribbon was awarded to those who also earned a decoration for acts during this war. From October 2007 till March 2008 the ribbon will be presented or sent by mail to others entitled. This ribbon is made in enamel version only!

Some variations - this campaign ribbon together with citation of:

Chief of Staff Citations on Second Lebanon War Ribbon
Source: http://www.zahal.org/colcor/index.htm
Officer Commanding Territorial Command
Divisional Commander

Look here for pictures of the presentation of the ribbon and pictures of soldiers wearing the ribbon. Look here for the award document.

 
Look here for cloth version of the Second Lebanon War Ribbon

IDF Service badges and clasps
 
 

Decoration of State Warriors

 

Decoration of State Warriors
(clasp mounted on
War of Independence Ribbon)

clasp mounted on War of Independence Ribbon

 

 
A small nickel clasp, in the form of a biblical candle, mounted on the War of Independence Ribbon. For details an award criteria, see this decoration for civil wear. The size of the clasp: height 10 mm, width about 12 mm.

This is one of the clasps that was fixed on the War of Independence Ribbon. More on these clasps.

 
Lieutenant - General Elazar.
Lieutenant - General Elazar.

The most left ribbon
has the clasp mounted on it.

 

Operational Service badge - painted

Operational Service badge - enamel

Old type

Painted

New type

Enamel

  Operational Service badge 

awarded to:

a) those who served at a combat unit for a period of at least 18 months.

b) those who served at least 4 consecutive months in combat.

Officially worn on the right uniform chest pocket, but often seen on the left side, below the ribbons.

The badge is made of nickel, height 22 mm, width about 15 mm.

 

Samples

Click to enlarge
Yissachar Ruas Photography  www.yruas.com 
 
Army Chief Rabbi General Gad Navon
Army Chief Rabbi General Gad Navon, one of the few who gained all the IDF campaign ribbons till 1982
(Government Press Office, Sa'ar Ya'acov)
 
Lieutenant - General Mofaz
notice the varity of ranks, ribbons and badges of the 3 generals
 
Lieutenant - General Mofaz
Lieutenant - General Mofaz
 
 
Different versions of ribbons
Picture gallery of campaign ribbons mounted as streamers on unit flag poles
Knesset Guard officers wearing campaign ribbons
Prison Service personnel wearing campaign ribbons
Magen David Adom (First Aid) workers with the campaign ribbon of the Second Lebanon War
Fire and Rescue Services officers wearing campaign ribbons